Day Tour in Kathmandu Valley
Nepal has many different things to offer for sightseeing. The natural beauty and Himalayan views, the culture and traditions, the historical monument, art and architecture, Hindu temples and Buddhist stupa and monasteries, its people and rites, myths and mysteries which are a part of the daily life of the people of Nepal.There are seven world heritage sites in the valley which lures most of the tourist to come to visit to Nepal. Kathmandu Vally Sightseing is the first arrival point for most visitors. The ancient history of Kathmandu begins from Manjushree (The Kathmandu Valley Buddhist Saint). Before Manjushree came to Kathmadnu it was a lake, he cut southern side of the lake and drained out the water and made it in habitable. Many dynastic came and went. Trade and arts flourished. The Valleycovers an area of 596sq. miles. It is situated at 1330m.above the sea-level. Mountains surround the valley and it is divided into the three major cities of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur. These were once three different kingdoms and to this day retain their own rich artistic styles and traditions. It is surrounded by tier of green mountains wall above which tower mighty snow -capped peaks in winter.Within Kathmandu
[Bouddha -Nath -Stupa -Sightseeing -Around -Kathmandu-Vallet -]
Possibly the world's largest stupa in South Asia is located at Boudhanath, 5 km north east of the center of Kathmandu Vally . It is considered to be one of the most important Tibetan Buddhism monuments outside of Tibet. This Stupa is the largest Buddhist structure in Nepal , and has been a power place and an important site of pilgrimage since its construction and also know as very famous Kathmandu sightseen destination . On their way north out of the Valley, caravans of salt traders, monks, lamas and others made an obligatory stop here to perform protection and prosperity rituals.Bouddhanath is also known as Khasti, or dew drops, after an account that builders had to use dew to mix the mortar as Kathmandu was suffering from a severe drought during its construction. It is also known as the "Little Tibet" which is still the best place in the sightseeing place ofKathmandu Valley to observe the Tibetan lifestyle.The base of the stupa symbolizes the earth. On top of it is the done which symbolizes water. On top of this i the spire (tower) that symbolizes fire, then the umbrella that symbolizes air. On top is the pinnacle which symbolizes either. The spire has 13 levels, which represents the 13 stages to attain nirvana. On all four sides of the square base of the spire are the all watchful eyes of the Buddha. There is a third eye between and above the normal two eyes. The nose is really the Nepali number one, which signifies the unity of life.Syambhu NathAt the top of a knoll on the west of Kathmandu Vally, there is one Swayambhunath of the famous monastry of Nepal, Stupa. This
[Shyambhu- Nath -Monkey -Temple -Kathmandu -Sightseeing] is the largest stupa in Nepal situated on the hillock of 77m above the level of the Valley and it displays typical Buddhist architecture, was built in 250 B.C. Because of many wild monkeys in this area, it is also very well known as Monkey temple.Its main feature is the white dome is regarded as a spotless and pure jewel or Nirvana. It has thirteen tiers, representing the elevator to Nirvana, and a pair of painted eyes on all four sides of this stupa, symbolizing the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha, which represented the invisible power of the Buddha. The key attractions of Syambhu Nath are Dewa Dharma Monastery, noted for a bronze icon of Buddha and traditional Tibetan paintings, the huge gold plated Vajra set in the east side of the stupa etc. At the white half globe base, first level is round which represents the Earth; second level is square which represents the Air; third level is triangle which represents Water; forth level is an umbrella which represents Fire; fifth level is spiral shape which represents Live. In between the eyes, there is a sign that look like a question mark (?) at the position of the nose; it is actually the number 1 in Nepalese language which signifies the unity of life. There also exist six big Buddhist monasteries in all-five Mahayan (Lamaist) and one Hinyan (Therbadist). On the hind hill is located another important Buddhist shrine; it is called Manjushree. This compassionate Chinese Buddha is the God of Knowledge.Pasupati Nath[Pashupatinath- Nath -Kathmandu -Sightseeing- Hindu -Temple] The temple of Pashupatinath, holiest Hindu pilgrimage site is located in Deopatan, a little town 3 km north west of Kathmandu Valley. It is a Hindu temple, dedicated to a manifestation of Lord Shiva called Pashupati (Lord of Animals). It attracts thousands of pilgrims each year and has become well known far beyond theKathmandu Valley.From time immortal, the Pasupatinath area has contained numerous temples, stupa, monasteries, images and inscriptions.Its original beauty still remains with the beautifully sculpted stone sculptures found here. The templeis barred to non-Hindus, but a good view of the temple compound's inner courtyard can be had from Shleshmantak hill on the opposite (eastern) bank of the Bagmati river. It is not known when the temple was founded. Tradition says it was constructed by Pashupreksha of the Somadeva Dynasty in the 3rd century BC, but the first historical records date from the 13th century.
Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu, the capital and the largest city of Nepal, [Kathmandu-Darbar- Square -Sightseeing] derives its name from Kasthmandap or "house of wood" a pagoda-style temple. This complex of palaces, courtyards and temples like Hanumandhoka Palace, Kumari Ghar (abode of the Living Goddess), Taleju temple, built between the 12th and 18th centuries, used to be the seat of the ancient Malla Kings of Kathmandu. As such, the square remains the traditional heart of the old town and Kathmandu’s most spectacular legacy of traditional architecture, even though the King no longer lives in the Hanuman Dhoka. An intriguing piece here is the 17th century stone inscription set into the wall of the palace with writings in 15 languages. The Durbar Square, protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the social, religious and urban focal point of the city. The interesting things to see here are the ferocious Kal Bhairav Mandir , Nautalle Durbar Square (nine storied palace), Coronation Nasal Chowk, the Gaddi Baithak, statue of King Pratap Malla, the big Drum and the Jagannath Temple. Even to date, all the major state and social ceremonies, including the solemnization of coronations are performed in one of the courtyards in this complex. There is also the Numismatic Museum and Tribhuvan Museum inside the place building. Photography is prohibited inside the museum. Both the mueseum remains closed on Tuesday and public holidays.
[Budhanilkhantha -Temple -sleeping -Bishnu -Kathmandu sightseeing]
Situated in Shivapuri hill at the northern end the valley,Buddhalinkantha is 9 km far from Kathmandu City. The hub of the temple complex is a pond in which lies a 5 meter (17ft) long great stone figure of Hindu god Bishnureclining on the coils of a cosmic serpent. The figure has been estimated to have been found buried in the ground in its original state more than thousand years ago.It is also known as Bhuijasi. Hindus throng to this sacred pilgrimage almost everyday to perform puja but a great number of worshippers can be seen in variousfestivals, especially on Haribodhini Ekadashi that falls between October/November, the day believed that the sleeping Lord Bishnu wakes up. The huge statue of sleeping Vishnu is carved from the single block of black stone of a type not found in the valley. BesidesBuddhalinkantha temple, there are two sets of exactly similar, but smaller 'sleeping Vishnu' in the Valley.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square
[Bhakatapur- Darbar -Square]
Bhaktapur Durbar Square is much larger and more spacious than Kathmandu's and much less crowded with temples than Patan. Bhaktapur Durbar square is one of the seven UNESCO world heritage sites located in the Kathmandu valley. Some of the most popular monuments golden gate, peacock window and Nyatapola temple are main attractions. Victorian illusrations show that it was that it was once packed with the monasteries, temples and artistic building, almost one third of which were dsetroyed by the earthquake of 1934. The Bhaktapur Durbar Squarecontains many temples and others architectural ones like Lion Gate, the statue of King Bhupatindra Malla, the picture gallery, the Golden gate, Nyatapola temple (Built in 1702 AD), the palace of 55 windows (Built in 1700 AD), Dattatraya temple (Built in 1427 AD), Bhairabnath temple (Built in 1718A AD), the Batsala temple and the Bell of the Barking Dogs and many other ancient monuments.Before the unification of Nepal, Bhaktapur was an independent principality ruled by the Malla Kings, who were very much devoted to religion, culture and art. During the period many magnificent temples and mansions were built. This period is remembered as golden period in the Nepalese art and remains a unique example. The ancient Royal palace is remarkable and an excellent example of 18th century architecture made by king Bhupatindra Malla whose statue stands in front of the Golden Gate. Around the Durbar square the curio shops, woods and stone carvings, thangkas have become a good attraction.
The palace of 55 windows was built in 17th century by Kinug Bhupatindra Malla.Among the brick walls with their gracious setting and sculuptural design, is a balcony of 55 windows.
Golden Gate is the entrance to the main countyard of the Palace of 55 windows. It is built be King ranjit Malla, which is one of the most beautifil and richy carved specimens of its kind in the entire world.
The Nyatapola Temple is the most dominantky lying in the south face of the squaare, named after its physical structure ( five tyres of roof). It is made by King Bhupatindra Malla in 1702 A.D is dedicated to the Goddess Siddhi Laxmi. It is one of the tallest pagodas and is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
Dattratraya Temple is built in 1417 A.D by King Yakshya Malla and his son Raja Malla is only the temple in Nepal which is dedicated to the God Dattatraya ( the combine incarnation of Supreme Gods of Hindusium, i.e. Lord Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva).
Dattratraya square is open museum that contains innumerable momumental masterpieces of wood carvings.The major attraction of this Dattratraya square are ''Pujari Math'', built by king Yakshya Malla in 15 th century. It has a splendid collection of antique carvings like a set of 14 roof struts, image of Vishnu dhara, tantric images of Vishnu Vishwarupa with 30 arms and 17 faces. The another one is Bhimsen Temple which stands a double storied rectangular pagoda styled temple dedicated to Lord Bhimsen in 1605 A.D. Lord Bhimsen is considered to be strong as thousand elephant.
There are many musuems in the Bhaktapur area which displays the ancient and historical items. The National Art Gallery has a magnificent collection of ancient thankas paintaings and various classic and medival masterpeices belonging to Hindu and Buddhist schools. The other one is Wood Carving musuems containing the elegant architecture with the enumerable intricately carved wooden doors and windows including the famous Peacock window. right to the Weed Carving musuem, the Bronze and Brass musuem displays the hetergenous ceremonial and household metal wae. the collection of jars, water vessels, cooking pots, oils pots etc which are used in the ancient and medival ages.Changu Narayan TempleIt is situated on a ridge overlooking the Valley, about 12 km to the east [Changu -Narayan -Temple] of the city. It is dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu, the Preserver. It is one of the finest and oldest specimens of pagoda architecture, the temple is embellished with exquisite wood and stone carvings and is said to be the oldest pagoda style temple in Nepal built sometime back in 323 A.D. The lavishly decorated two-tiered temple was rebuilt after a fire in 1702, but the earliest inscription in the valley dated 323 A.D. testifies to the considerable talents of the Licchavi King Mandeva I, Nepal’s first great historical figure. The sacred complex is a World Heritage Site and offers a panoramic view of the surrounding at 125m. Though the temple is quite beautiful, especially the repoussé doors and front facade, Changu Narayan is not known for its temple but for the stone statues, bas-relief carvings, and inscriptions that are scattered around the temple courtyard. At the bottom of the stone, Vishnu is shown reclining on a bed of snakes, the same pose that is depicted in the large statue of Budhanilkantha. Near the famous double Vishnu is a stone depicting another incarnation of Lord Vishnu, the half-man and half-lion called Narsimha.PatanThe ancient city of Patan is also known as lalitpur or the city of the fine arts. It is nearly 5 km far from the south east ofKathmandu Valley. It is famous as the city of fine arts, full of Hindu temples and Buddhist monuments. This imposing sight fascinates the visitors at the first glimpse. Patan's central durbar is absolutely packed with the temples: it's an architectural center point with a far greater concerntration of temples per sq. km than in Kathmandu Valley.The most impressive focal point is Patan Durbar Square full of ancient places, temples and shrines. The Square consists of 3 courtyards, the central Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk and Keshar Narayan Chowk and was listed in the UNESCO World Heritage Monuments List in 1979. The major attraction are the Patan Durbar Square, Krishne Mandir, Mahaboudha, Ashok Stupa and other many more.
Patan Durbar Square
[Patan- Darbar-Square -Kathmandu -sightseeing.]
Patan Durbar Square is a concentrated mass of temples, the most stunning display of Newari architecture to be seen in Nepal. Listed in World Heritage Site, the former Royal Palace complex is the center of Patan's religious and social life, and houses a museum containing an array of bronze statues and religious objects. The Aquare is full of ancient palaces,temples and shrines, noted for their exquisite carvings. One remarkable monument here is a 17th century templededicated to the Hindu God Lord Krishna, built entirely of stone.The Square has been described as one of the most picturesque collection of buildings that have been set up so small a place by the piety of oriental man. The important things to be seen in this area include the Golden Gate and the Golden Window of the old Palace, the beautiful piece of traditional metal crafts, the famed Krishna temple with 21 golden pinnacles, the Royal bath of Sundari chowk, and a perfect piece of the classic work in stone.The square has beenunrestrainedly adnored by the Bhimsen Temple, Manga Hiti, Vishwanath Temple, Jagganarayan Temple and numerous.
Krishna Mandir, the temple of Lord Krishne was built in 17th century holds a commanding positiom in the palace complex of Patan. It si the only Temple in Nepal having 21 spires and is completely made of stone.It is also supposed to be the first specimen of Shikhar style architecture in Nepal. It is listed in the world heritage because of its delighted and
There are 4 Ashoka Stupas popularly believed to have been built in 250 B.C by the Emperor Ashoka at the four corners of the Patan. The foue stupas are situated in the Pulchowk,, Lagankhel, Ebhai and in Teta respestively.
A little far from the PatanDurbar Square lies this Buddhist temple made of clay bricks in which thousands of images of Lord Buddha engraved. The tweea-cotta structure is one of the 14th century Neplease architectural masterpieces.